Dentures are a replacement for missing teeth that can be removed and put back into your mouth as you please.
Depending on each individual patient case, they may receive full or partial dentures. Full dentures are used when all of the natural teeth are removed from the mouth and need to be replaced. There are two types of full dentures.
Conventional Full Dentures – This is the type of denture fabricated when all the teeth have previously been removed and the gum tissue is completely healed.
Immediate Full Dentures – Prior to having your teeth removed, your dentist takes measurements and has dentures fitted for your mouth. After removing the teeth, the dentures are immediately placed in your mouth. The benefit is that you do not have to spend any time without teeth. You will, however, need to have follow up services to refit (reline) your dentures because the jaw bone and gums will slightly change shape as your mouth heels. The reline will be needed 6 – 12 months after your extractions.
Interim Dentures (Temporary Dentures)
When a patient has to have a lot of teeth extracted all at once, a temporary denture is often recommended so the patient has teeth while they heal. After teeth are removed, the gums and the underlying bone will need time to heal, and as they do, they change shape. Because of this process, dentures made right when the teeth are extracted may not fit very well as the healing process proceeds. For this reason, something called a “reline” to refit the denture to the patient’s mouth is often required. Depending on which teeth have to be removed or which location they are removed from, a reline doesn’t always make the denture fit as ideally as it could. This is why a temporary denture is sometimes recommended.
Partial dentures are another option when you are only missing some teeth. They do a similar job to a bridge, but they are not a permanent fixture in your mouth, meaning it is recommended they be removed at night time. A partial denture uses your existing teeth to help stabilize and retain the partial.
There are 3 main types of partial dentures and deciding which style would be best for you depends on the general health and condition of the remaining teeth as well as which teeth are missing. There are all Acrylic Partial Dentures, Metal Based Partial Dentures, and Flexible Acrylic Partial Dentures. Each style has their pro’s and con’s and it’s important to review these with your dentist to decide which type best suits your individual situation.
Even though dentures are not real teeth, you should care for them like they are. You should remove your denture(s) or partial(s) to clean them. You can brush them with a special denture brush and water and then you should place them directly into room temperature water or a denture cleaning solution. Never use hot water because it could warp the dentures. Your dentures are delicate, so make sure you are careful when handling them so you don’t drop them. Never leave them around pets, as dogs love to chew them and cats may steal them! Also, never try to adjust your dentures yourself. You could ruin them, so you should always seek assistance from your dentist if they feel uncomfortable or loose.